There are a number of ways to perform data analysis using Data Lab services:

ToolAccess LinkDocumentation link
Python clients and interfaces for authentication, querying the database, and working with personal database storage (MyDB) and virtual storage (VOSpace)
Jupyter Notebook server pre-loaded with Anaconda Python, Data Lab client libraries, and common astronomical and scientific libraries
Web Query Tool Query the Data Lab database
TOPCAT and STILTS Access to the Data Lab TAP service
    TAP Service Endpoint (http://datalab.noao.edu/tap)